Carlos Hernandez Garces from the University of Oslo will give a talk titled:
Αἰτίη in Herodotus’ Histories: exploring the Space between Predetermination and Free Will
The talk will be presented at the premises of the Norwegian Institute at Athens, Tsami Karatasou 5, 5th floor, on May 26, 2017 starting at 7 PM
Egbert Bakker’s discussion of the notion of time in the Iliad in ‘Khronos, Kleos and Ideology from Homer to Herodotus’ demonstrated that the absence of a term does not imply the absence of an idea. The scarcity of time terms in the Homeric poem, he concludes, does not imply an undeveloped notion of time, as Hermann Fränkel had posited. Indeed, in practice, the experience of time in epic manifests itself as κλέος (good repute, fame). In my paper, I explore the idea of αἰτίη (cause, responsibility) in Herodotus’ Histories as the manifestation of history’s temporality. Time’s emergence in the Histories displaces the conceptual focus from a gods’ determined temporality to man’s conscious role in time. Although the dichotomy predetermination-freed will does not occur overtly in the Histories, as it is not formalised theoretically, it pervades the text nonetheless. However, as neither predetermination nor free will accounts for historical events entirely satisfactory, Herodotus drives a wedge (αἰτίη) between them, thus opening out a new space.
SENSING ANCIENT LANDSCAPES
Current applications of geophysical prospection in Greek Archaeology
Dr. Carmern Cuenca-Garcia, University of Trondheim (NTNU)
Geophysical techniques can help us to remotely detect buried archaeological features (from the ground surface) without the need for excavation. The implementation of multi-technique and high-resolution geophysical surveys makes site exploration and discovery more rapid and informative in comparison with traditional prospection methods. Geophysical surveys can also be used to identify areas of interest within a site and help to focus the opening of trenches before archaeological interventions. Furthermore, integrated geophysical results can help in the archaeological interpretation of specific buried features and provide size, depth and make-up information in a fully non-destructive manner.
Recent technological developments in geophysical instrumentation, such as multi-sensor and multi-antenna array systems are providing even faster area coverage capacities and higher resolution in mapping buried features. These technological improvements have increased the cost-effectiveness of geophysical surveying and have revolutionised the discipline of archaeology by allowing landscape-wide approaches in archaeological prospection.
This presentation will show how geophysical techniques can be used to map and characterise Greek sites in both intra-site and large-scale area investigations. The talk will be illustrated with the results of recent surveys carried out over prehistoric magoules in Thessaly and ancient urban landscapes such as Demetrias and Mantineia. The challenges in surveying Mediterranean environments and strategies to integrate geophysical methods with other proxy techniques, will be discussed. The presentation will conclude by highlighting the new research directions followed in archaeo-geophysics with particular input in Greek archaeology.